Thyroglossal cyst presents as a cystic midline neck swelling usually affecting young children but can occur at any age.
Development of thyroid cartilage starts at foramen caecum, passes through base of tongue & then descends in front, behind or through the hyoid bone to form the thyroid gland.
The thyroglossal cyst can occur anywhere in the course of thyroid duct & it may contain the only functioning thyroid tissue in the body.
Rarely carcinoma may develop in the cyst.
It’s size increases in size with upper respiratory tract infection.
Sometimes it may presents as a draining sinus if it has burst due to infection or has burst due to infection or has been surgically drained.
It moves with protrusion of tongue due to it’s attachment to base of tongue.
Complete surgical excision, including body of hyoid bone and tongue tissue around the tract in the suprahyoid region.
Simple excision of cyst without removal of its tract leads to recurrence.
Dr. Y. P. Singh practices at Avadh Hospital & Heart Center in almabagh Lucknow, Sharda Medical Store at Hind Nagar Near Purani Chugi and National Pharmacy at Telibagh, Lucknow. He has completed MBBS from G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, and MS-ENT from King Georges Medical College, Lucknow University, and did his senoir residency and also working as assistant professor and HOD in Saraswati Medical College.